Mexico nutritional/metabolic concerns

Key messages for primary care practitioners

  • See other health concerns, women's health and children's health pages for general information and resources.
  • There is a moderate risk of anaemia in people from this country. Be alert to this possibility in recently arrived migrants, particularly for women and pre-school children, and test as clinically indicated.
  • Consider vitamin D deficiency in individuals who may be at risk as a result of their diet, skin colour or lack of sun exposure.
  • There is a high risk of vitamin A deficiency in this country.

Anaemia

  • There is a moderate risk of anaemia in people from this country (estimated prevalence in non-pregnant women 20-40%). Be alert to this possibility in recently arrived migrants, particularly for women and pre-school children, and test as clinically indicated.
  • Please see anaemia page for further information.

Vitamin D deficiency

  • Sunlight is the major source of vitamin D and dark skinned individuals or those who for cultural or religious reasons cover their whole bodies when outdoors are at risk of deficiency, as are those whose diets (vegetarian/vegan) do not contain an adequate vitamin D supply.
  • Please see vitamin D deficiency page for further information.

Vitamin A deficiency

  • There is a high risk of vitamin A deficiency in this country.
  • Please see vitamin A deficiency page for further information.

Iodine deficiency

  • People from this country may be at risk of iodine induced hyperthyroidism due to excessive intake.
  • Please see iodine deficiency page for further information.
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