Rwanda

Key messages for primary care practitioners

  • If the patient is new to the UK explain to them how the NHS operates and discuss how this compares to the healthcare system they've been used to.
  • Screen all new entrants (including children) from this country for TB.
  • All patients from this country should be offered and recommended an HIV test.
  • Sexually active individuals should be offered a full sexual health screen and safer sex health promotion advice.
  • This country has an intermediate prevalence of hepatitis B. Consider screening for hepatitis B, particularly among those who have recently arrived.
  • This country has a considerably higher prevalence of hepatitis C than the UK.  Consider screening for hepatitis C.
  • There is a high risk of malaria in this country.
  • Ensure all patients are up to date with the UK immunisation schedule.
  • There is a high risk of anaemia in people from this country. Be alert to this possibility in recently arrived migrants, particularly for women and pre-school children, and test as clinically indicated.
  • Consider vitamin D deficiency in individuals who may be at risk as a result of their diet, skin colour or lack of sun exposure.

Key Facts

Rwanda map

Map courtesy of
U.S. Central Intelligence Agency

Country profiles

For a summary of key health indicators and health care please see

WHO Rwanda [external link]

For background information on the country, its government and its people please see

BBC Rwanda [external link]

and

World Factbook Rwanda [external link]

Languages*

Kinyarwanda (official) universal Bantu vernacular, French (official), English (official), Kiswahili (Swahili) used in commercial centers

See language interpretation

Religions*

Roman Catholic 56.5%, Protestant 26%, Adventist 11.1%, Muslim 4.6%, indigenous beliefs 0.1%, none 1.7% (2001)

 

Migration to the UK

At the time of the 2001 Census there were over 2,000 people from this country living in the UK.

 

*Source: World Factbook

© Crown Copyright