'Childhood infections' refers to those infections that are particularly associated with childhood, many of which are vaccine preventable. The range of childhood infections that occur in UK born children may also occur in non-UK born children.
Some diseases may be more common in children born abroad, especially vaccine preventable diseases if they have not been fully immunised. Immunisation coverage and incidence of childhood diseases is highly variable throughout the world; see WHO [external link] for country specific information.
Children born abroad should be brought up to date with the UK immunisation schedule.
Many of the descriptions and images used to describe and demonstrate typical rashes associated with childhood infections are based on their appearance in white skin. Be aware that they may look different in pigmented skin.
You can help prevent the spread of infection by giving advice in accordance with infection control guidelines for schools and childcare facilities.
Many childhood infections are statutorily notifiable.