The new Bacteriology Reference Department is made up of the Respiratory and Vaccine Preventable Bacteria Reference Unit, the Sexually Transmitted Bacteria Reference Unit, the Gastrointestinal Bacteria Reference Unit and the Antimicrobial Resistance and Healthcare Associated Infections Reference Unit.
|ARL||Anaerobe Reference Laboratory (Cardiff)||Anaerobe identification including Bacteroides, Clostridia, Fusobacteria, Actinomyces spp., and other closely related genera
Metronidazole resistance in anaerobes
|Reference facilities at other locations|
|ARMRL||Antibiotic Resistance Monitoring and Reference Laboratory||All aspects of antibiotic resistance, in particular confirmation and molecular investigation of new or unusual resistance||Centre for Infections|
|BRU||Brucella Reference (Liverpool & VLA)||Brucella||Reference facilities at other locations|
|CDRN||Clostridium difficile Ribotyping Network for England & N. Ireland||CDRN consists of nine regional microbiology laboratories in England for Clostridium difficile culture and ribotyping||Reference facilities at other locations|
|CRU||Cryptosporidium Reference Unit (Swansea)||Cryptosporidia||Reference facilities at other locations|
|EVU||Environmental Virology Unit (Reading PHL)||Enteric Viruses (including NLVs) in water and associated matrices||Specialist Services|
|LGP||Laboratory of Gastrointestinal Pathogens†||Bacillus, Clostridium perfringens, Clostridium botulinum, Clostridium tetani neurotoxin detection, Listeria, Staphylococcal toxins, scombrotoxin, Water and Environmental, Food and Environmental Proficiency Testing Schemes, Water and Environmental microbiology. Salmonella E. coli, Shigella, Vibrio, Yersinia, Campylobacter, Helicobacter, Citrobacter||Centre for Infections|
|LHCAI||Laboratory of HealthCare Associated Infection†||Staphylococci, MRSA, Clostridium difficile, Enterococci, Klebsiella, Enterobacter, Serratia, Pseudomonas, Stenotrophomonas, Burkholderia, Acinetobacter, Hospital Infection advice||Centre for Infections|
|LRU||Leptospira Reference Unit(Hereford)†||Leptospira||Reference facilities at other locations|
|Lyme RU||Lyme disease laboratory service||Lyme disease||Reference facilities at other locations|
|Malaria RL||HPA Malaria Reference Laboratory (Commissioned: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine)||Malaria parasites ( Plasmodium spp.)||Reference facilities at other locations|
|Mycology RL||Mycology Reference Laboratory (Bristol)||Identification service for yeasts and moulds, including dermatophytes. Reference antifungal susceptibility testing. Serology for dimorphic pathogens and other unusual infections. Examination of histology slides. National Collection of Pathogenic Fungi.||Reference facilities at other locations|
|Men RU||Meningococcal Reference Unit (Manchester)||Meningococci||Reference facilities at other locations|
|NMRL||HPA National Mycobacterium Reference Laboratory †||Mycobacteria||Reference facilities at other locations|
|PRL||HPA Parasitology Reference Laboratory (Commissioned: Hospital for Tropical Diseases, London)||Parasites and amoeba||Reference facilities at other locations|
|RIPL||Rare and Imported Pathogens Laboratories (was SPRU)||Arboviruses, Haemorrhagic Fever viruses, Nipah and Hendra viruses, Rickettsiae and Coxiella burneti, Bacillus anthracis; Imported Fever Service||Reference facilities at other locations|
|RSIL||Respiratory and Systemic Infections Laboratory†||Streptococci (Groups A, B, C and G and all other streptooccal species, related genera), Streptococcus pneumoniae, potentially toxigenic corynebacteria ( Corynebacterium diphtheriae, C ulcerans, C pseudotuberculosis), Diphtheria serology, Tetanus (serology), Legionella spp, Mycoplasmas, respiratory chlamydiae, Bartonella spp, Haemophilus influenzae, Bordetella spp.||Centre for Infections|
|STBRL||Sexually Transmitted Bacteria Reference Laboratory||Bacterial sexually transmitted pathogens: Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Treponema pallidum, Chlamydia trachomatis, haemophilus ducreyi||Centre for Infections|
|TRL||Toxoplasma Reference Laboratory (Swansea)||Toxoplasma||Reference facilities at other locations|
|VRD||Virus Reference Department||Measles, Mumps, Rubella, Parvovirus B19, Polyoma virus (JC and BK), Influenza and Parainfluenza, human metapneumovirus, Respiratory syncytial virus A and B, B virus, NLV (SRSV), Rotavirus, Enterovirus, Polio, Coxsackie (from April 2003) Rabies (collaborating with the VLA), Haemorrhagic fever viruses, pox viruses including smallpox, Hepatitis A,B,C,D and E, HIV 1 and 2, HTLV I and II, HSV 1 and 2, CJD||Centre for Infections|
† WHO Collaborating and/or WHO Reference Centres
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