English National Point Prevalence Survey on Healthcare-associated Infections and Antimicrobial Use, 2011: preliminary data
The Health Protection Agency (HPA) coordinated the fourth National Point Prevalence Survey (PPS) on healthcare-associated infection (HCAI) and first National PPS on antimicrobial use (AMU) in England. This survey is not directly comparable to previous surveys.
The aims of the PPS were to determine the burden of HCAI and AMU in acute hospitals and to use the results to identify priority areas for the future.
- The prevalence of healthcare-associated infections (HCAI) was 6.4% in 2011 compared to 8.2% in 2006.
- The most frequent HCAIs detected were respiratory tract, urinary tract and surgical site infections.
- The prevalence of antimicrobial use (AMU) was 34.7%. This is the first time AMU was measured nationally. This provides a baseline for future monitoring.
- The prevalence of HCAIs, AMU and device use was highest in intensive care units, which relates in part to the complexity and vulnerability of patients in this setting.
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Last reviewed: 22 May 2012