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Home Topics Infectious Diseases Infections A-Z Salmonella General information ›  Clinical Information

Clinical Information

Incubation period

12 to 72 hours.

Common clinical features

Diarrhoea, vomiting and fever.

Reservoir

Gastrointestinal tract of wild and domestic animals, birds (especially poultry), reptiles, amphibians (for example terrapins), and occasionally humans.

Transmission

Predominantly from foodstuffs (most commonly red and white meats, raw eggs, milk, and dairy products) following contamination of cooked food by raw food or failing to achieve adequate cooking temperatures. Person to person spread from a case by close contact, usually during the acute diarrhoeal phase of the illness. Contact with infected animals.

Other relevant features

Secondary cases are common in outbreaks. Food handlers who practice good hygiene are very rarely responsible for initiating outbreaks.


 


Last reviewed: 12 May 2011