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Home Topics Infectious Diseases Infections A-Z Viral Haemorrhagic Fever Maps of VHF regions

Maps of VHF regions

In Africa, the high risk areas for viral haemorrhagic fevers are those countries indicated on this map.  CCHF virus is endemic in many countries in Africa, the Middle East, Eastern Europe and Asia.  Infections seen outside of Africa are noted below the map.

In 2014, Ebola virus disease outbreaks have occurred for the first time in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.

VHF in Africa map 

Further details on specific countries, viruses or risk areas can be found at the following links:

1. Lassa fever

2. Ebola and Marburg viruses

3. Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever  


Other possible causes of viral haemorrhagic fever include:

  • South American arenaviruses found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil and Venezuela (infection in travellers is very rare)
  • Kyasanur Forest - India (Karnataka State only)
  • Alkhurma HF - Saudi Arabia
  • Omsk HF - Russian Federation (Siberia)

Last reviewed: 6 June 2014