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Home Topics Infectious Diseases Infections A-Z Zoonoses (infections acquired from animals) Table of Zoonotic Diseases and Organisms

Table of Zoonotic Diseases and Organisms

Click on the disease or organism for more information

Main reservoirs Usual mode of transmission to humans
Anthrax Bacillus anthracis livestock, wild animals, environment direct contact, ingestion
Animal influenza influenza viruses livestock, humans may be reverse zoonosis
Avian influenza Influenza virus, avian strains poultry, ducks direct contact
Bovine tuberculosis Mycobacterium bovis cattle milk
Brucellosis Brucella species cattle, goats, sheep, pigs dairy products, milk
Cat scratch fever Bartonella henselae cats bite, scratch
Cysticercosis Taenia species cattle, pigs meat
Cryptosporidiosis Cryptosporidium species cattle, sheep, pets water, direct contact
Enzootic abortion Chlamydophila abortus farm animals, sheep direct contact, aerosol
Erysipeloid Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae pigs, fish, environment direct contact
Fish tank granuloma Mycobacterium marinum fish direct contact, water
Food poisoning Campylobacter species poultry, farm animals raw meat, milk
Salmonella species poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs foodborne
Giardiasis Giardia lamblia humans, wildlife waterborne, person to person
Glanders Burkholderia mallei horse, donkey, mule direct contact
Haemorrhagic colitis Escherichia coli O157 ruminants direct contact (and foodborne)
Hantavirus syndromes Hantaviruses rodents aerosol
Hepatitis E Hepatitis E virus not yet known not yet known
Hydatid disease Echinococcus granulosus dogs, sheep ingestion of eggs excreted by dog
Leptospirosis Leptospira species rodents, ruminants infected urine, water
Listeriosis Listeria monocytogenes cattle, sheep, soil dairy produce, meat products
Louping ill Louping ill virus sheep, grouse direct contact, tick bite
Lyme disease Borrelia burgdorferi ticks, rodents, sheep, deer, small mammals tick bite
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus rodents direct contact
Orf Orf virus sheep direct contact
Pasteurellosis Pasteurella multocida dogs, cats, many mammals bite/scratch, direct contact
Plague Yersinia pestis rats and their fleas flea bite
Psittacosis Chlamydophila psittaci birds, poultry, ducks aerosol, direct contact
Q fever Coxiella burnetii cattle, sheep, goats, cats aerosol, direct contact, milk, fomites
Rabies Rabies viruses dogs, foxes, bats, cats animal bite
Rat bite fever (Haverhill fever) Streptobacillus moniliformis rats bite/scratch, milk, water
Rift Valley fever Rift Valley fever virus cattle, goats, sheep direct contact, mosquito bite
Ringworm Dermatophyte fungi cats, dogs, cattle, many animal species direct contact
Streptococcal sepsis Streptococcus suis pigs direct contact, meat
Streptococcal sepsis Streptococcus zooepidemicus horses, cattle direct contact, milk
Tickborne encephalitis Tickborne encephalitis virus rodents, small mammals, livestock tickbite, unpasteurised milk products
Toxocariasis Toxocara canis/cati dogs, cats direct contact
Toxoplasmosis Toxoplasma gondii cats, ruminants ingestion of faecal oocysts, meat
Trichinellosis Trichinella spiralis pigs, wild boar pork products
Tularemia Francisella tularensis rabbits, wild animals, environment, ticks direct contact, aerosol, ticks, inoculation
Viral haemorrhagic fevers Ebola, Crimean-Congo HF, Lassa and Marburg viruses variously: rodents, ticks, livestock, primates, bats direct contact, inoculation, ticks
West Nile fever West nile virus wild birds, mosquitoes mosquito bite
 Zoonotic diphtheria  Corynebacterium ulcerans  cattle, farm animals, dogs direct contact, milk