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Respiratory

Published on:
4 April 2014

Next update 2 May 2014
Last updated: 4 April 2014, Volume 8, No 13 (PDF file xxx kB)

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Laboratory reports of respiratory infections made to CIDSC from PHE and NHS laboratories in England and Wales: weeks 10-13/2014

 

Data are recorded by week of report, but include only specimens taken in the last eight weeks (ie recent specimens).

Table 1. Reports of influenza infection made to CIDSC, by age group

Week

Week 10

Week 11

Week 12

Week 13

Total

Week ending
9/3/14
16/3/14
23/3/14
30/03/14

Influenza A

172

195

154

115

636

Isolation

25

18

16

6

65

DIF *

24

29

31

9

93

PCR

105

138

96

90

429

Other

18

10

11

10

49

Influenza B

2

7

5

10

24

Isolation

1

1

2

DIF *

– 

1

PCR

5

3

8

16

Other

1

2

1

2

6

* DIF = Direct Immunofluorescence.
† Other = "Antibody detection - single high titre" or "Method not specified".
Table 2. Respiratory viral detections by any method (culture, direct immunofluorescence, PCR, four-fold rise in paired sera, single high serology titre, genomic, electron microscopy, other method, other method unknown), by week of report

Week

Week 10

Week 11

Week 12

Week 13

Total

Week ending

9/3/14
16/3/14
23/3/14
30/03/14

Adenovirus*

55

53

53

59

220

Coronavirus

30

25

18

8

81

Parainfluenza

29

29

45

29

132

Rhinovirus

137

162

155

176

630

RSV

67

58

51

32

208

* Respiratory samples only.
† Includes parainfluenza types 1, 2, 3, 4 and untyped.


 

Table 3. Respiratory viral detections by age group: weeks 10-13/2014

Age group (years)

<1 year

1-4 years

5-14 years

15-44 years

45-64 years

≥65 years

Un-
known

Total

Adenovirus *

1

138

22

21

24

14

– 

220

Coronavirus

1

33

5

14

6

22

– 

81

Influenza A

2

120

31

188

168

122

– 

631

Influenza B

– 

3

3

6

8

4

– 

24

Influenza Ungrouped

– 

1

– 

1

Parainfluenza

3

63

7

16

19

24

– 

132

Rhinovirus

25

334

52

79

82

58

– 

630

Respiratory syncytial virus

16

127

2

13

24

25

1

208

* Respiratory samples only.
† Includes parainfluenza types 1, 2, 3, 4 and untyped.

 

Table 4 Laboratory reports of infections associated with atypical pneumonia, by week of report

Week

Week 10

Week 11

Week 12

Week 13

Total

Week ending

9/3/14
16/3/14
23/3/14
30/03/14

Coxiella burnettii

1

1

2

Respiratory Chlamydia sp.*

1

1 3

5

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

15

11

10 7

43

Legionella sp.

9

6

15

*Includes Chlamydia psittaci, Chlamydia pneumoniae, and Chlamydia sp detected from blood, serum, and respiratory specimens.

 

Table 5 Reports of Legionnaires Disease cases in England and Wales, by week of report

Week

Week 10

Week 11

Week 12

Week 13

Total

Week ending
9/3/14
16/3/14
23/3/14
30/03/14

Nosocomial

1

1

Community

5

5

10

Travel Abroad

3

1(1*)

4

Travel UK

Total

9

6

15

Male

6

5

11

Female

3

1

4

* Non-pneumonic case.

Fourteen cases were reported with pneumonia and one case was reported with non-pneumonic infection. Eleven males aged 38 - 81yrs and four females aged 58 - 67yrs. Ten cases had community-acquired infection and one case was reported to be associated with hospital infection. Two deaths were reported in an 81yrs old male and a 65yrs old female.

Four cases were reported with travel association: India (1), Italy (1), Malta (1) and Mauritius/United Arab Emirates (1).

Table 6. Reports of Legionnaires Disease cases in England and Wales, by PHE Centre: weeks 10-13/2014

Region/Country

Noso-comial

Community

Travel Abroad

Travel UK

Total

North of England

North East

1

1

Cheshire & Merseyside

Greater Manchester

Cumbria & Lancashire

Yorkshire & the Humber

1(1*)

1

South of England

Devon, Cornwall & Somerset

Avon, Gloucestershire & Wiltshire

1

1

Wessex

1

1

Thames Valley

1

1

2

Sussex, Surrey & Kent

Midlands & East of England

East Midlands

2

2

South Midlands & Hertfordshire

Anglia & Essex

West Midlands

1

1

London Integrated Region

London

1

4

5

Public Health Wales

Mid & West Wales

North Wales

1

1

South East Wales

Miscellaneous
         
Other

Not known

Total

1

10

4

15

* Non-pneumonic case.