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Respiratory

Published on:
4 July 2014

Next update 1 August 2014
Last updated: 4 July 2014, Volume 8, No 26 (PDF file xxx kB)

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Laboratory reports of respiratory infections made to CIDSC from PHE and NHS laboratories in England and Wales: weeks 23-26/2014

 

Data are recorded by week of report, but include only specimens taken in the last eight weeks (ie recent specimens).

Table 1. Reports of influenza infection made to CIDSC, by week of report

Week

Week 23

Week 24

Week 25

Week 26

Total

Week ending
8/6/14
15/6/14
22/6/14
29/6/14

Influenza A

18

12

6

8

44

Isolation

DIF *

1

1

2

PCR

9

5

1

5

20

Other

8

7

5

2

22

Influenza B

4

3

2

3

12

Isolation

DIF *

1

1

PCR

2

2

2

2

8

Other

1

1

1

3

* DIF = Direct Immunofluorescence.
† Other = "Antibody detection - single high titre" or "Method not specified".
Table 2. Respiratory viral detections by any method (culture, direct immunofluorescence, PCR, four-fold rise in paired sera, single high serology titre, genomic, electron microscopy, other method, other method unknown), by week of report

Week

Week 23

Week 24

Week 25

Week 26

Total

Week ending

8/6/14
15/6/14
22/6/14
29/6/14

Adenovirus*

36

33

43

28

140

Coronavirus

1

2

6

9

Parainfluenza

69

84

81

56

290

Rhinovirus

159

144

170

124

597

RSV

13

13

8

10

44

* Respiratory samples only.
† Includes parainfluenza types 1, 2, 3, 4 and untyped.


 

Table 3. Respiratory viral detections by age group: weeks 23-26/2014

Age group (years)

<1 year

1-4 years

5-14 years

15-44 years

45-64 years

≥65 years

Un-
known

Total

Adenovirus *

35

50

12

21

12

10

140

Coronavirus

4

2

1

2

9

Influenza A

3

1

1

15

9

15

44

Influenza B

1

5

4

2

12

Parainfluenza

95

52

11

42

56

33

1

290

Rhinovirus

217

110

50

89

76

54

1

597

Respiratory syncytial virus

23

5

3

4

7

2

44

* Respiratory samples only.
† Includes parainfluenza types 1, 2, 3, 4 and untyped.

 

Table 4 Laboratory reports of infections associated with atypical pneumonia, by week of report

Week

Week 23

Week 24

Week 25

Week 26

Total

Week ending

8/6/14
15/6/14
22/6/14
29/6/14

Coxiella burnettii

1

1

1

3

Respiratory Chlamydia sp.*

3

1

2

6

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

8

5

5

6

24

Legionella sp.

5

5

9

6

25

* Includes Chlamydia psittaci, Chlamydia pneumoniae, and Chlamydia sp detected from blood, serum, and respiratory specimens.

 

Table 5 Reports of Legionnaires Disease cases in England and Wales, by week of report

Week

Week 23

Week 24

Week 25

Week 26

Total

Week ending
8/6/14
15/6/14
22/6/14
29/6/14

Nosocomial

1

1

2

Community

1

2

4

3

10

Travel abroad

3

3

3

3

12

Travel UK

1

1

Total

5

5

9

6

25

Male

3

4

5

3

15

Female

2

1

4

3

10

Twenty-five cases were reported with pneumonia. Fifteen males aged 23 to 74 years and 10 females aged four days to 88 years. Ten cases had community-acquired infection and one case was reported to be associated with hospital infection.

Thirteen cases were reported with travel association: Bahrain (1), China (1), Greece (1), Italy (1), Portugal (1), Spain (4), United Arab Emirates (1), United Arab Emirates/United Kingdom (1), United Kingdom (1) and United States of America (1).

 

Table 6. Reports of Legionnaires Disease cases in England and Wales, by PHE Centre: weeks 23-26/2014

Region/Country

Noso-comial

Community

Travel Abroad

Travel UK

Total

North of England

North East

1

1

Cheshire & Merseyside

1

1

2

Greater Manchester

1

1

Cumbria & Lancashire

1

1

Yorkshire & the Humber

3

3

South of England

Devon, Cornwall & Somerset

Avon, Gloucestershire & Wiltshire

1

1

Wessex

1

1

Thames Valley

Sussex, Surrey & Kent

1

1

2

Midlands & East of England

East Midlands

1

1

2

South Midlands & Hertfordshire

2

2

4

Anglia & Essex

2

2

West Midlands

London Integrated Region

London

1

2

3

Public Health Wales

Mid & West Wales

North Wales

1

1

South East Wales

1

1

Miscellaneous
         
Other

Not known

Total

2

10

12

1

25