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Respiratory

Published on:
1 August 2014

Next update 5 September 2014
Last updated: 1 August 2014, Volume 8, No 30 (PDF file 350 kB)

Topic Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001

Laboratory reports of respiratory infections made to PHE from PHE and NHS laboratories in England and Wales: weeks 27-30/2014

 

Data are recorded by week of report, but include only specimens taken in the last eight weeks (ie recent specimens).

Table 1. Reports of influenza infection made to CIDSC, by week of report

Week

Week 27

Week 28

Week 29

Week 30

Total

Week ending
6/7/14
13/7/14
20/7/14
27/7/14

Influenza A

9

4

3

13

29

Isolation

1

1

DIF *

1

2

3

PCR

4

3

3

10

Other

3

4

8

15

Influenza B

2

2

1

2

7

Isolation

DIF *

1

1

2

PCR

1

2

3

Other

1

1

2

* DIF = Direct Immunofluorescence.
† Other = "Antibody detection - single high titre" or "Method not specified".
Table 2. Respiratory viral detections by any method (culture, direct immunofluorescence, PCR, four-fold rise in paired sera, single high serology titre, genomic, electron microscopy, other method, other method unknown), by week of report

Week

Week 27

Week 28

Week 29

Week 30

Total

Week ending

6/7/14
13/7/14
20/7/14
27/7/14

Adenovirus*

49

44

44

50

187

Coronavirus

7

1

8

Parainfluenza

60

50

52

39

201

Rhinovirus

125

155

127

149

556

RSV

5

3

5

5

18

* Respiratory samples only.
† Includes parainfluenza types 1, 2, 3, 4 and untyped.

 

Table 3. Respiratory viral detections by age group: weeks 27-30/2014

Age group (years)

<1 year

1-4 years

5-14 years

15-44 years

45-64 years

≥65 years

Un-
known

Total

Adenovirus *

47

66

25

24

24

1

187

Coronavirus

2

1

3

1

1

8

Influenza A

2

14

9

3

28

Influenza B

1

2

3

1

7

Parainfluenza

60

30

8

30

43

30

201

Rhinovirus

172

110

60

87

69

58

556

Respiratory syncytial virus

13

4

1

18

* Respiratory samples only.
† Includes parainfluenza types 1, 2, 3, 4 and untyped.

 

Table 4 Laboratory reports of infections associated with atypical pneumonia, by week of report

Week

Week 27

Week 28

Week 29

Week 30

Total

Week ending

6/7/14
13/7/14
20/7/14
27/7/14

Coxiella burnettii

1

2

1

2

6

Respiratory Chlamydia sp.*

1

1

1

3

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

7

13

5

13

38

Legionella sp.

6

5

13

11

35

* Includes Chlamydia psittaci, Chlamydia pneumoniae, and Chlamydia sp detected from blood, serum, and respiratory specimens.

 

Table 5 Reports of Legionnaires Disease cases in England and Wales, by week of report

Week

Week 27

Week 28

Week 29

Week 30

Total

Week ending
6/7/14
13/7/14
20/7/14
27/7/14

Nosocomial

1

1

2

Community

3

2(1*)

8

6(1 )

19

Travel abroad

3

1

4

4(1*)

12

Travel UK

1

1

2

Total

6

5

13

11

35

Male

4

4

9

8

25

Female

2

1

4

3

10

* Non-pneumonic case.
Onset in 2013

Thirty-three cases were reported with pneumonia and two cases had non-pneumonic infection. Twenty-five males aged 45 - 88 years and 10 females aged 53 - 89 years. Nineteen cases had community-acquired infection and two cases were reported to be associated with hospital infection. Two deaths were reported in a 68 year-old male and a 69 year-old female.

Fourteen cases were reported with travel association: Bulgaria (1), Canada (1), France/Switzerland (1), Greece (1), Italy (2), Jamaica (1), Spain (1), Thailand (1), Turkey (2), United Arab Emirates (1) and United Kingdom (2).

 

Table 6. Reports of Legionnaires Disease cases in England and Wales, by PHE Centre: weeks 27-30/2014

Region/Country

Noso-comial

Community

Travel Abroad

Travel UK

Total

North of England

North East

Cheshire & Merseyside

1

1

Greater Manchester

2

1

3

Cumbria & Lancashire

Yorkshire & the Humber

2

2

South of England

Devon, Cornwall & Somerset

Avon, Gloucestershire & Wiltshire

Wessex

1

1

Thames Valley

2

2

Sussex, Surrey & Kent

1

2

3

Midlands & East of England

East Midlands

4

2

6

South Midlands & Hertfordshire

1

1

2

Anglia & Essex

1(1*)

1

1

3

West Midlands

1

1

1

3

London Integrated Region

London

1

4(1)

2

7

Public Health Wales

Mid & West Wales

1

1

North Wales

South East Wales

Miscellaneous
         
Other

Not known

1(1*)

1

Total

2

19

12

2

35

* Non-pneumonic case.
onset in 2013.