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Home Publications Radiation Documents of the HPA: RCE series ›  The Impact on Health of Emissions to Air from Municipal Waste Incinerators (RCE-13)

The Impact on Health of Emissions to Air from Municipal Waste Incinerators (RCE-13)

2010 RCE13 Front cover


Prepared by R L Maynard, H Walton, F Pollitt and R Fielder

Publication date: February 2010

ISBN: 978-0-85951-661-7



The Health Protection Agency has reviewed research undertaken to examine the suggested links between emissions from municipal waste incinerators and effects on health. While it is not possible to rule out adverse health effects from modern, well regulated municipal waste incinerators with complete certainty, any potential damage to the health of those living close-by is likely to be very small, if detectable. This view is based on detailed assessments of the effects of air pollutants on health and on the fact that modern and well managed municipal waste incinerators make only a very small contribution to local concentrations of air pollutants. The Committee on Carcinogenicity of Chemicals in Food, Consumer Products and the Environment has reviewed recent data and has concluded that there is no need to change its previous advice, namely that any potential risk of cancer due to residency near to municipal waste incinerators is exceedingly low and probably not measurable by the most modern techniques. Since any possible health effects are likely to be very small, if detectable, studies of public health around modern, well managed municipal waste incinerators are not recommended.

The Agency’s role was to provide expert advice on public health matters to Government, stakeholders and the public. The regulation of municipal waste incinerators is the responsibility of the Environment Agency.


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Last reviewed: 21 October 2013