In Africa, the high risk areas for viral haemorrhagic fevers are those countries indicated on this map. CCHF virus is endemic in many countries in Africa, the Middle East, Eastern Europe and Asia. Infections seen outside of Africa are noted below the map.
In 2014, Ebola virus disease outbreaks have occurred for the first time in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.
Further details on specific countries, viruses or risk areas can be found at the following links:
Other possible causes of viral haemorrhagic fever include:
Last reviewed: 6 June 2014